History of Copenhagen - In Brief

*A Part of the Danish Cultural Heritage*
 
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Brief History about Copenhagen
 
 
Timelines of Copenhagen's History - Cultural Heritage and some of its Famous Citizens
 
Copenhagen is the largest city in Scandinavia
 
Copenhagen is the largest metropolis in Scandinavia and considered as a centre of culture and arts with plenty of sightseeing and entertainment activities to offer visitors - together with multitude of shopping facilities and the longest pedestrian street system in the world. Copenhagen is the seat of the National Parliament (Folketinget) - the Royal Residence and Supreme High Court. Photo Kåre Thor Olsen.
 
 
It all started in 1167
 
Coat of arms from 1661
Copenhagen Coat of arms from 1661. Probably with Absalon's Castle from 1167 - in the middle of the image.
Facts about Copenhagen
Copenhagen is the capital of Denmark and the biggest city in Scandinavia. Copenhagen is placed on the east coast of Sealand and alongside the Sound (Øresund). A bridge and tunnel called “Øresundsbroen” - connects Copenhagen with Sweden - and its metropolitan areas is named the Oresund Region.
 
Native name: København (Copenhagen)
Urban Area:
1980 Km²
Population:
1,8 million (Greater Copenhagen and regions)
Danish Parliament:
Copenhagen
Royal residence:
Copenhagen - Amalienborg Palace
Currency:
Danish Kroner
Airport:
Kastrup
Cruise Ports:
Langelinie - Nordhavnen
Driving:
Right side
Time Zone:
UCT+1
Founded:
1167
Bishop Absalon & Copenhagen
Copenhagen and Absalon
Copenhagen was founded in the years 1160-67 by Bishop Absalon (1128-1201) - who was at that time the counsellor for King Valdemar I (1131-1182 - Ruled Denmark 1154–57 as Valdemar the Great). It was King Valdemar I - who gave Absalon the task to build a city on the east coast of Zealand to protect trade on the Sound (Øresund). Absalon was the archbishop of Roskilde in 1158 - once the capital of Denmark in the 12th century. Here he initiated the building of Roskilde Cathedral around 1170 - which has been the royal burial place since the 14th century of Danish Kings and Queens. Absalon was also the archbishop of Lund in 1178 - a province in Sweden near Malmø. Absalon

Bishop Absalon died in 1201 - and is buried in the old monastery at Sorø behind the High Altar. He donated all of his belongings to the monastery and property to his twin brother Esben Snare. Absalon's burial plot
 


Bishop Absalon

founded
Copenhagen
around
1160 - 1167
Bishop Absalon's little Castle - 1160- 1167
1160-1167 - The little fortress on the isle of "Slotsholmen" built by Bishop Absalon 1160-1167 - to protect the new city Copenhagen. The ruins can be seen under the foundations of the present Christiansborg Castle.
Bishop Absalon was also a great Warrior
1168 - Bishop Absalon founded Copenhagen around 1160-1167 - but was also a great warrior - who defeated the Wends and demolished their temple Arkona in Rügen 1168 (North Germany) - to introduce the Christian religion.
 

1160 -1167 - The first fortress to protect the city
In the years 1160-67 - Bishop Absalon built a little fortress on the Isle of “Slotsholmen” to protect the new city. This was the first step to found the Danish capital Copenhagen. The ruins of Absalon's castle was discovered in 1907 - during the excavation of the present Christiansborg Palace. Today the remains of Absalon's original castle can be seen under the foundations of Christiansborg Palace.

1200 -1400 - From a fishing village to city status
Copenhagen grew rapidly in the 12th century due to its position near the sound with good harbour facilities. From being a little Viking fishing village during the reign of Bishop Absalon - Copenhagen was given a charter as a city by Bishop Jakob Erlandsen in 1254. In 1369 - Absalon's little castle was attacked and demolished down to the ground by the German Hanseatic League. In 1397 - the Danish Queen Margrethe I (1353-1412 - ruled Denmark - Sweden and Norway 1375-1412) took the initiative of founding of the Northern Alliance - formalised as the Kalmar Union.

 
Copenhagen Castle - 1410
1410 - Copenhagen Castle was built around 1410 on the ruins of Absalon's little castle and was placed where the present Christiansborg Palace is situated. King Christian IV modernized the Castle and built the “Blue Tower” as an extension - that later became a prison, with a horrifying reputation. The first royal resident in the castle was King Eric of Pomerania in 1417.
The University of Copenhagen - 1479
1479 - The University of Copenhagen was founded by King Christian I in 1479 - and is among the oldest Universities in Europe. The University had faculties for theological learning as well as the study of law - medicine - and philosophy. In 1801 - most of the buildings were destroyed under the bombardment of Copenhagen in 1807 - and a new University was built in 1836.



Copenhagen
expands by
building the first
Royal Castle
in 1410
and the first
University in 1479

1416 - 1443 - The Royal city and Capital
A new castle called Copenhagen Castle was built on the ruins of Absalon's Castle and the first resident was King Eric of Pomerania (ruled Denmark 1396-1439) - who declared the rights of the castle in 1417. In 1443 - Copenhagen replaces Roskilde as the Danish capital.
Copenhagen's centrally placed location in the region was central to its succeeding growth as a trading port as well as a strong military and political centre.

1448 - 1479 - First King crowned of the Oldenborg Dynasty

King Christian I (1426-1481 - ruled Denmark - Sweden and Norway) was the first King to be crowned in Copenhagen in 1449 - and was the founder of the dynasty of the Royal House of Oldenborg - who remained on the Danish Throne until 1863. King Christian I was also the founder of Copenhagen University in 1479 - the first university in Denmark. Today there are 8 universities and higher educational institutions in Copenhagen.
 



Copenhagen
became the
Royal City
in 1417


The Protestant
Reformation
started in
Copenhagen in
1536


King Christian I
In 1449 King Christian I - was the first Oldenborg King to be crowned in Copenhagen - and was also the father of the Royal House of Oldenborg and the dynasty that lasted from 1449 - 1863.
The Reformation in 1536
Altar painting from 1561 - after the Reformation in 1536 - showing the three most important acts of the Danish Lutheran Church - Baptism - Holy Communion and Sermons.
Bakken Amusement park - 1583
The world's oldest amusement park Bakken was established in 1583 - and is still an active and very popular venue for city-weary Copenhageners - who enjoy outdoor life.
 
1536 - The important Reformation era
The Protestant Reformation reached Denmark and Copenhagen in 1536. When Lutheranism became the official religion in Denmark - and the Evangelian-Lutheran Church was declared State Church - where nearly 90 % of all ethnic Danes are members today. It was King Christian III (1503-1559 - ruled Denmark and Norway - 1534-1559) - who was so foresighted to introduced the Protestant movement in Denmark that reformed the Danish Church and brought Catholicism to the fall.

1583 - The world's oldest amusement park “Bakken”
The world's oldest amusement park “Bakken” located north of Copenhagen in Klampenborg started humbly - when a natural spring called “Kirsten Piils Kilde” was discovered at the "The Deer Park" - better known as “Dyrehaven”. The first amusement park was completed with rides - games and restaurants under the reign of King Christian IV. “Bakken” still exists today as a popular amusement park with plentiful of rides and entertaining activities.
 
The Prominent Architect of Copenhagen
King Christian IV - 1588-1648 
The Royal Summer Residence - 1606
Rosenborg Castle - 1606



Many remarkable
and historical
buildings were
constructed
during the
reign of
King Christian IV
1588 - 1648
1588 -1648 - King Christian IV - The prominent architect of Copenhagen
During the reign of the great builder and most prominent architect of Copenhagen King Christian IV (1577-1648 - ruled Denmark and Norway 1588-1648) - many remarkable buildings and projects were constructed like

Rosenborg Castle
- The Round Tower - Old Stock Exchange - The Canals of Copenhagen - The Old Citadel
 


King Christian IV's
buildings are great
Tourist attractions -
and are historic monuments of a enterprising and
inventive Monarch
The Old Danish Chamber of Commerce - 1640
Old Stock Exchange - 1620
The Observatory - 1642
The Round Tower - 1642
 
1626 - "Kastellet" - The Old Citadel
King Christian IV started the building of the fortification called “Kastellet” to protect the city. The ramparts consist of five bastions and were a part of the de fence barrier of Copenhagen named “Citadellet Frederikshavn”. The fortress was used in the defense of Copenhagen with England in the Battle of Copenhagen 1807. The old fortification area is open to the public. The Old Citadel
 
The Old Citadel “Kastellet” - 1626
1626 - King Christian IV started the building of the fortification called “Kastellet” - The Citadel. The area is a popular venue for Copenhageners. The English Church is seen at the bottom left.
The Royal Library - 1673
In 1673 - the Royal Library was established in an appropriate building - just opposite Christiansborg Castle and The Danish Parliament. The building is full functional today and is still the National Library.



The Royal
National Library
was founded
in Copenhagen by
King Frederik III
in 1648

 
1634 - Rosenborg Castle
The new summer residence of King Christian IV (1577-1648 - ruled Denmark and Norway 1588-1648) - Rosenborg Castle - is finally completed after undergoing construction in stages over a period of almost 22 years. Rosenborg Castle is King Christian IVs Castle - He built Rosenborg - He lived all his life at Rosenborg - He died at his beloved Rosenborg Castle in 1648 - at the age of 70. Rosenborg Castle

1648 - The Royal Library
The Royal Danish Library was the first library founded in Copenhagen by King Frederik III (1609-1670 - ruled Denmark and Norway 1648-1670) around 1648 - and later in 1673 - the library was established in a suitable building - just opposite Christiansborg Castle and The Danish Parliament. The King acquired four private libraries and their book collections formed the basis of the present Royal Danish Library. The Royal Library
1658 - The Royal Danish Guards founded
The Royal brigade was established in 1658 by King Frederik III (1609-1670 - ruled Denmark and Norway 1648-1670) - and the main duty was to protect the King - the royal family - and the Royal Castles and Palaces - as well as being present during ceremonial occasions and Royal receptions. The Royal regiment has since 1658 - had there head quarters and exercise grounds beside Rosenborg Castle - and have marched every day since from Rosenborg to the Royal residence Amalienborg Palace for changing of the guards at noon 12:00. The Royal Danish Guards bears a red and blue uniform to mark various royal occasions.

Amalienborg Palaces - Rosenborg Castle
 
 
1700-1810 - Wealth - Fires - Plague and Bombardment of the City
 
The British Bombardment of Copenhagen in 1807 - lasted 4 days - targeting the civilian population and major government buildings. More than 2,000 civilians were killed during the heavy fire plus many buildings were destroyed during the battle. The painting illustrates the outskirts of Copenhagen during the bombardment with Rosenborg Castle illuminated by the heavy fires. Oil painting by C.W. Eckersberg - on display at Frederiksborg Castle.
Copenhagen's Economy and Trade
In the 18th century Copenhagen’s economy benefited largely due to the intense traffic through the sound and revenues from taxes increased heavily - as well as trade also grew extremely during this period.
 
1711 - Bubonic plague in Copenhagen
After the capital was hit by the bubonic plague in 1711 - nearly one-third of the population had died from this highly infectious disease.
1728 - Destructive fires in Copenhagen
Several destructive fires destroyed the city in 1728 - and Copenhagen was totally damaged and ruined. Rebuilding and reconstruction work began and the medieval part of Copenhagen had changed permanently when the reconstruction was complete by 1737.
 
The Bubonic Plague - 1711
In 1711 - Copenhagen was hit by the bubonic plague - wiping out 20,000 of its 60,000 inhabitants. The plague was brought in by ships from Europe and Prussia - carrying infected vermin.
The Royal Danish Theater - 1892
1748 - The second Royal Danish Theater in 1892 - at "Kongens Nytorv" the Kings Square - with the first electrical street lights in Copenhagen. The theater building was inaugurated in 1874.




The bubonic plague

killed over 20,000
Copenhageners
during the
widespread endemic disease in 1711
 
1748 - The Royal Danish Theatre
Opening of The Royal Danish Theatre with 8 actors and 4 actresses performing French comedies. Since the first act in 1748 - The Royal Danish Theatre has been located on the same spot at Kongens Nytorv in the very heart of Copenhagen.

The Royal Danish Theatre

1748 - King Frederik V - and Frederiksstaden in Copenhagen
King Frederik V
(1723-1766 – ruled Denmark and Norway 1746-1766) is the planner and builder of Frederiksstaden - where the Amalienborg Palaces is the centerpiece of Frederiksstaden - a prominent district at the waterfront that was built to house aristocrats and noble families in Copenhagen - as well as to commemorate the tercentenary of the Oldenburg family's ascent to the throne of Denmark in 1448.

Amalienborg Palaces




1749 - First newspaper in Copenhagen

The first newspaper available in Copenhagen was “Berlingske Tidende” - published by its founder Ernst Henrich Berling. The newspaper is the oldest Danish newspaper still published - and among the oldest newspapers in the world.
 




King Frederik V
was the planner
and builder of
the fashionable
Frederiksstad
Quarters with
the Amalienborg
Palaces to house
aristocrats and
noble families
in 1750 - 1760

The Amalienborg Complex - 1748
1748 - The Amalienborg complex in the center of Frederiksstad - with the Marble Church in the back. The entire Amalienborg project was completed in 1758 - and has since 1794 - been the prime royal residences for Danish Monarchs.
The Liberty Memorial - 1797
1797 - The Liberty Memorial was erected in 1797 - outside the ramparts of Copenhagen - here shown in 1863 - on Vesterbrogade opposite the Grand Central Station and at its original location - with Copenhagen's Cathedral at the back.
 
1757 - The first free hospital
The first hospital in Denmark, with free treatment was inaugurated in 1757 - by King Frederik V (1723-1766 - ruled Denmark and Norway 1746-1766) on his birthday and named The Royal King Frederik’s Hospital. The Hospital was located on Bredgade (Broad Street) in inner Copenhagen and the rococo mansion was a part of the many fashionable properties around King Frederik V’s prominent Frederiksstad district from 1750 - with the Amalienborg Palace. The former hospital building is currently housing the Danish Museum of Decorative Art and has been replaced by Copenhagen University Hospital. Rigshospitalet
1775 - Royal Danish Porcelain Factory
Royal Copenhagen (Den kongelige Porcelænsfabrik) was founded in Copenhagen 1775 - by chemist Frantz Heinrich Müller. The first dining ware produced was “Flora Danica” for the royal family in 1790 and later Royal Copenhagen became famous for its collection of the “Blue Fluted” (Musselmalet) dinner service. The corporate logo and brand-mark is three blue waves symbolizing Denmark’s three straits; Oresund - The Great Belt and The Little Belt.
 
The royal Frederiks Hospital - 1757
1757 - The royal Frederiks Hospital in 1805 - located on “Bredgade” with Amalienborg Palace as their backyard neighbor - offered free care and cure to patients and every citizen without means.
The Flora Danica Dinner Service - 1790
1775 - The Royal Porcelain Factory was founded in Copenhagen and in 1790 - Royal Copenhagen brought out its now famous Flora Danica dinner service - with gilded edge and Danish flora motifs.



In 1790 the Danish
Crown Prince Frederik
ordered the
Flora Danica

dinner set
as a gift for Russian Empress Catherine II


The Empress died
in 1796 and
never received it


The Dinner Set
has since been
on display at
Rosenborg Castle

 

1794 - Christiansborg Palace burning
In 1794 - the first Christiansborg Palace was razed by a heavy fire that nearly damaged the entire four winged palace complex and the residing King Christian VII (1749-1808 - ruled Denmark and Norway 1766-1808) - and his family had to move to Amalienborg Palace that later became the permanent residence for all royal families in Copenhagen - and up to our time. Christiansborg Palace - Amalienborg Palace
1797 - The Liberty Memorial in Copenhagen
The Liberty Memorial was erected in 1797 - outside the ramparts of Copenhagen to commemorate the abolishment of adscription in 1788. Prince Frederik - later King Frederik VI (1768-1839 - King of Denmark and Norway 1808-1839) had laid the foundation stone in 1792. The Liberty Memorial is placed on Vesterbrogade opposite the Grand Central Station on its original location and is also a symbol of a germinating democratic movement in Denmark from 1788 to 1849. Liberty Memorial
1801-1807 - The Battle of Copenhagen
The naval battle of Copenhagen against England took place in 1801 - where the Danish fleet suffers heavy losses and Danes lost almost 2000 casualties as well as a similar number of men was captured. In 1807 - the British attacked Copenhagen with a heavy bombardment of the city in connection with the Napoleonic wars.
 




Many
devastating
fires in
Copenhagen
from 1794 to 1807
destroyed
the City and
its many buildings


















Christiansborg Palace on fire - 1794
1794 - The first Christiansborg Palace was raised by a fire in 1794 - and nearly burnt down to the ground. The residing King Christian VII moved to the new Amalienborg Palaces together with the rest of the Royal family and Court. During the 1800s - the second Christiansborg Palace was rebuilt again and inaugurated in 1828.
The Naval battle in 1801-1807 - Copenhagen
1801-1807 - The Naval battle in 1801-1807 was a disaster for Copenhagen with many heavy bombardments of the city - where the Danish fleet suffers heavy losses and Danes lost almost 2000 casualties as well as a similar number of men was captured. The painting shows Copenhagen’s Cathedral burning beside the Round Tower.
 
 
Evolution up to the 21 century
 
1813 - Denmark bankrupt
In the beginning of 1813 - and under the reign of King Frederik VI (1768-1839 - King of Denmark 1808-1839 and Norway 1808-1814) - the country went bankrupt - and Denmark had to cede Norway to Sweden after Norway had been a part of the Danish-Norwegian kingdom for more than 450 years! The bankruptcy affected many Copenhageners - and ongoing businesses in Copenhagen.

1814 - First free schools with compulsory education
A new education Act in 1814 - under the reign of King Frederik VI (1808-1839) was the very first birth of the Danish "Folkeskole" - Peoples School - introducing free primary schools with compulsory education for all pupils in the country between age 7 and 14 years. The act was named "Almueskolevæsenet i Kjøbstæderne" - which began the building of new schools in and around Copenhagen - and gradually in the rest of Denmark.
“Folkeskole”
1819 - First Danish Steamship
The first Danish steamship SS Caledonia began its route between Copenhagen and Kiel on July 1 - 1819.
 
King Frederik VI
Under the reign of King Frederik VI - 1768-1839 - the country went bankrupt and Denmark had to cede Norway to Sweden in 1813.
Hans Christian Ørsted
Physicist and chemist Hans Christian Ørsted - who discovered electromagnetism - founded the College of Advanced Technology in 1829.


The Industrial
Revolution
Started Slowly
in Denmark in
the middle of
1800's - evolving
new labor laws
and a definite
transition
from a country
dominated by
Agriculture to a
country dominated
by Industry


1829 - College of Advanced Technology - Later DTU - Danish Technical College
In 1829 - Hans Christian Ørsted (1777 - 1851) a prominent Danish physicist and chemist - who discovered electromagnetism and shaped post-Kantian philosophy as well as advances in science throughout the late nineteenth century - founded the College of Advanced Technology with the first MSc programme in Engineering at a high academic level - to make use of scientific progress in the service of society by applying technology. The College changed its name to Danish Technical College in 1933 - and finally became the Technical University of Denmark (DTU) in 1994. See year 1933.
1830 -1840 - Vesterbro - Nørrebro and Østerbro
The city slowly recovers after the bankruptcy in 1813 - and from 1830-1840 - it slowly grew beyond the ramparts into the new working class quarters such as Vesterbro - Nørrebro and Østerbro that became a part of Copenhagen.
1843 - Tivoli established in Copenhagen
Tivoli
is established by Georg Carsten and opened on August 15 - 1843. There were 3.615 visitors on the opening day. On the first year in 1843 - there were over 175,000 guests visiting Tivoli. More than 2,6 millions persons visited Tivoli in 2010. Tivoli
1847 - Carlsberg Brewery founded in Copenhagen
World famous Carlsberg Brewery was founded in 1847 - outside of Copenhagen and the first Carlsberg Beer was distributed 10 November 1847 - as a Lager beer. Carlsberg was founded by J. C. Jacobsen (1811-1887) - who also was a philanthropist and the founder of the Carlsberg Foundation (Carlsbergfondet) in 1876 that owns 51% of the entire Carlsberg Group. The foundation runs the museum at Frederiksborg Castle and the New Carlsberg Glyptotek as well as involvement in other social and cultural engagements beneficial to the society. The brewery from 1847 is open for tours - showing visitors a modern industrial plant and beer production followed up by tasting many of the sorts of beers Carlsberg markets around the world. The Carlsberg Group is the 5th largest brewery company in the world with over 30,000 employers spread around the globe.
Carlsberg’s promotional slogan "Probably the Best Beer in the World" appeared in corporate advertising from the 1980s and is synonymous with the brewing of high quality ales for over two centuries. Carlsberg Brewery
 

 


The First
Amusement Park
in Copenhagen
in 1843 -
and the first
Central Station
in the City
in 1847

Tivoli - 1843
1843 - The Tivoli head entrance on inauguration day in 1843. The new amusement park was named “Tivoli & Vauxhall” and was a grand success from the very first day - where 3.615 visited the park.
Central Station - 1847
1847 - The first Central Station in Copenhagen from 1848 - was built in 1847 to serve the very first 30 km. railway line in Denmark from Copenhagen to Roskilde and visa versa. The Station at Roskilde from 1849 is still operating.
 
1847 - First Central Station in Copenhagen
The first Central Station in Copenhagen was built in 1847-1848 - to serve the very first 30 km. railway line in Denmark from Copenhagen to Roskilde and visa versa. Central Station
1847 - First steam engine
The first steam engine in Copenhagen was built in England 1846 - and delivered to the railways in 1847 - to run the service between Copenhagen and Roskilde. The steam engine was named “Odin” - and was also the first steam engine in Denmark.
1849 - New Constitution signed in Copenhagen
Denmark became a constitutional monarchy on June 5 - 1849 - and the day is celebrated as Danish National Holiday - The Constitution was signed by King Frederik VII (1808-1863 - King of Denmark 1848-1863) at the Danish Parliament (Christiansborg Palace) in Copenhagen.
 
The Danish Constitution from 1849
1848 - The National Constitutional Assembly - painted by Constantin Hansen - at their first meeting in 1848. The new Danish Constitution was signed by King Frederik VII in 1849 - that finally put an ending to the absolute monarchy from 1660 by King Frederik III.
Søren A. Kierkegaard 1813 - 1855
Søren A. Kierkegaard (SAK) was a famous Danish philosopher and religious thinker - who wrote literary and philosophical essays - plus the founder of modern existentialism. Søren A. Kierkegaard was born in Copenhagen in 1813 - and died at Frederiksberg Hospital in 1855.




The Danish
Constitution
is signed in
Copenhagen on
June 5th - 1849
by
King Frederik VII -
and the
Constitution Day
is a National
Public Holiday
that is celebrated
all over Denmark

 
1855 - Søren A. Kierkegaard
Philosopher Søren A. Kierkegaard dies in Copenhagen - November 11 - 1855. Considered to be the founder of existentialist philosophy. CPH-SAK.htm
1859 - Copenhagen Zoo
Copenhagen Zoo (Zoologisk Have) is inaugurated in 1859 - with a handful of animals. On opening day visitors could see chickens - ducks - owls - rabbits and one fox. In a tub was also a little turtle.
Copenhagen Zoo
1861 - The last execution
The last official execution is conducted in Copenhagen on ”Rødovre Mark”. The person that was beheaded was named Ane Andersdatter and was also the last female that was executed in Denmark.
 




As the
population of
Copenhagen
grew over the
ramparts
of the City
in the mid 1850's -
there was an
increasing demand
for public transport
systems
in the new
urban areas

Horse driven Tram Car - 1863
1863 - The first horse driven Tram Car line in Denmark and Copenhagen was established in 1863 - and called The Copenhagen Railway Company. The Tram Car was the first of its type in Europe with 36 sitting passengers.
"SS Thingvalla" - 1888
1888 - Danish emigrants at Larsen's Plads leaving for America together with their relatives - saying goodbye. The steamship at the pier is "SS Thingvalla" equipped with one funnel and three masts. Painting by Edvard Petersen.
 
1863 - First Tramcar in Copenhagen
The first Tramcar service and line no 1. is established in Copenhagen 1863. The horse driven Tramcar is the first of its type in Europe and the route went ”Sankt Annæ Plads” to “Frederiksberg Runddel”.
1863 - First King of the House of Glücksborg
In 1863 - the House of Glücksborg succeeded the House of Oldenborg by King Christian IX (1863-1906) - and the present Royal Family are the direct descendants of the House of Glücksborg. See Yellow Palace
1871 - The Danish Women’s Society - founded
The Danish Women’s Society is founded in 1871 - and was particularly active in the struggle to improve women’s educational - social and financial position.
1873 - First Woman Magazine
The first Woman Magazine available in Copenhagen was called “Femina” - and published by Aller Media that was founded by Carl Aller and his wife Laura Aller in 1873. “Femina” was also the first Woman Magazine to be distributed in Denmark.
1875 - Hans Christian Andersen
World famous fairy tale writer Hans Christian Andersen - dies in Copenhagen August 4 - 1875 - and his funeral takes place at Copenhagen's Cathedral.

Funeral - HCA-2005
1876 - First Soccer club (football) founded in Copenhagen
The first soccer club (Football) was founded in Copenhagen in 1876 - and named KB -(Københavns Boldklub - Copenhagen Football Club) that took the initiative to introduce the soccer game from England. Soccer was presented in Copenhagen for the first time 1879 - at the Eremitage Plains north of Copenhagen - and the first soccer (Football) match took place between “Birkerød Bording Scool” and KB.

Eremitage Plains

 
1877 - First telephone introduced
The first telephone set was introduced in Copenhagen in 1877 - based on the invention by Alexander Graham Bell from USA in 1876. In 1881 - there were almost 22 subscribers in Copenhagen that was connected to a telephone network created by the Copenhagen based company “Kjøbenhavns By- og Hustelegraf”. In 1900 - 25,000 in Denmark was the owner of a telephone - and a more organized network and telephone lines was conducted by central units around the Country. The telephone “book” in 1881 - had one page with 22 numbers - and the addresses of the subscribers.
 

1879 - Trans-Atlantic Hub - “Larsens Plads”
A new port terminal was established in Copenhagen in 1879 - and named “Larsens Plads” for the Thingvalla Line - which began operating a direct route between Scandinavian ports and America - offering the growing number of Scandinavian emigrant’s affordable - comfortable and a safe voyages to USA on “SS Thingvalla” from Copenhagen - Newcastle - New York. The first voyage in 1879 from Copenhagen with the steamship “SS Thingvalla” to New York via Newcastle was mostly with Scandinavian immigrants. There was passenger accommodation for 50-1s - 50-2nd and 900-3rd class.


Find Danish Ancestors
 



Timeline for
important
Danish Persons
and Events
in the late 1800's
King Christian IX
1863 - The first Glücksborg King. King Christian IX.
H.C. Andersen
1875 - Writer - Hans Christian Andersen dies.
Frederik L. Smidth
1882 - Frederik L. Smidth founded F.L. Smidth & Co.
First Street Lights
1892 - The First street lights at “Kongens Nytorv”.
Open-Air Museum
1901 - The Open - Air museum opens at Lyngby.
 
1882 - FLSmidth & Co
The world’s leading supplier of cement production technology FLSmidth & Co. A/S, was founded in Copenhagen by Frederik Læssøe Smidth in 1882. Today FLSmidth & Co is an international corporation specialising in the development - design and engineering of complete processing lines to the cement and mineral industry with headquarters in Copenhagen and subsidiaries all over the world as well as 7,500 staff members. As one of Denmark’s major exporters - the FLSmidth & Co. group has a matchless global market position and contributes heavily to support the Danish economy by exporting their unique engineering competence - high technology - processing plants and services worldwide.
1892 - First Power Plant in Copenhagen
The first Power Plant (Gothersgade Elektricitetsværk) is established in Copenhagen and for the first time in the city the street lights around “Kongens Nytorv” are lit with electricity.
1896 - First motor vehicle in Copenhagen
The first motor vehicle in Denmark was a Daimler from Germany - and presented in Copenhagen in 1896 by its owner Holger Hassel. At the same time Mercedes-Benz also introduced its first model in Copenhagen in 1896.
1901 - First Kinder Garden established
The very first Kinder Garden with public support in Denmark is established and inaugurated in Copenhagen at Enghave Square on Vesterbro and called “Folkebørnehave” - The Peoples Kinder Garden.
1901 - The Open Air Museum
On one of the world’s largest and oldest public museum areas - the Open-Air Museum “Frilandsmuseet” in Northern Copenhagen opened in 1901. The Museum includes more than 100 rural buildings from Denmark - spread out over a large scenic area covering the period 1650 to 1950. All the houses are fully furnished and visitors you can walk into all farmhouses and buildings and experience daily life for each era represented. Free admission all year round. The Open-Air Museum
1903 - The world's first Christmas Seal
In 1903 - the world’s first Christmas Seal “Julemærke” was invented in Copenhagen by post office clerk Einer Holbøll - and published in Denmark at Christmas 1904 - portraying the Danish Queen Louise of Denmark - and printed with the word “Julen” - 1904. Over 4 million Christmas stamps were sold in the first year at 2 øre per seal. (There is 100 øre to every 1.00 kroner - DKK.)
Since 1911 - the Christmas Seal sales has provided the financial basis for the establishment and operation of several Christmas Seal Homes - sanatorium’s - convalescent homes and boarding schools for children - from all over Denmark.
 
The Town hall of Copenhagen
1903 - The Town hall of Copenhagen around 1903 - during construction, without the tower that is slowly rising at the back and will reach a height of 107 meters when completed. The Town Hall was inaugurated in 1905.
Jakob Christian Ellehammer
1906 - Jakob Christian Ellehammer with his aeroplane and crew in 1906 - on the tiny isle Lindholm outside of Copenhagen, where he flew over 50 centimeters over the surface as the first aviation pioneer in Europe.



Copenhageners
got wings
in 1906
and flew for
a few minutes
over the surface
on the Isle of
Lindholm

1905 - The Town Hall
The building of Copenhagen's Town Hall (Rådhuset) is completed in 1905 - with a 107 meter high tower that is open to the public.
The Town Hall and Square
1906 - Nordisk Film
Nordisk Film was established in Valby - Copenhagen in 1906 - and is the oldest movie production company in the world. In 1992 - Nordisk Film merged with the Egmont media group and is the largest producer and distributor of electronic entertainment in North Europe. The film company runs the Palads Cinema in Copenhagen with 17 screens.
1906 - First flight in Copenhagen and Europe
Danish inventor and aviation pioneer Jacob Christian Ellehammer (1871-1946)
was the first European to fly an airplane on the small isle of Lindholm outside of Copenhagen in 1906. The flight distance of 421 meters at an altitude of over 50 centimeters was a record in Europe and conducted 3 years after the world’s first historical flight by the Wright Brothers in 1903 - in North Carolina - USA.
1909 - First driving school established in Copenhagen
The founder of the first driving school in Copenhagen was Valdemar Darlov - who named his driving school “V. Darlov’s Motorskole”.


1910 -
Flush toilets & bathtubs
There are almost 50,000 (WC) flush toilets installed in Copenhagen - and around 20,000 bathtubs with running hot tub water. The sanitary conditions are improving in Copenhagen - but it's still the wealthy citizens that can afford to install bathrooms with flush toilets and bathtubs.
 

1910 - "Pølsevogn"
and the Danish fast food culture since 1910
The first "Pølsevogn" (Sausage stand) was established in Copenhagen around 1910 - and today more than 140 million red "Pølser" are consumed every year at the Danish "Pølsevogn" - Hot Dog Stand.

The Red "Pølse" (Sausage) also called
"wienerpølser" with "brød" (bread) has been the Danes favourite out-door meal and fast food for generations and made of tasty pure pork. On nearly every street corner in Copenhagen there will be a "Pølsevogn" (Sausage stand) with a variety of warm red pork sausages and various tasty supplements.

Danish Food Culture


25 Øre - 1920
Fast food since 1910. One red "Pølse" in 1920 - 25 øre.
The Danish "Pølsevogn"
There is a sausage stand on nearly every street corner.
The Red Danish "Pølse"
The famous Danish red sausage "Wienerpølse" with bread.

 
1910 - Bicycle Lanes and paths in Copenhagen
The first separate bicycle paths are established in Copenhagen around the Lakes in 1910 - as the existing bridle paths was converted into isolated Cycle ways - tracks to secure the heavy growth of cycles on the road at that time. At the present there are more than 360 km of bicycle paths in and around Copenhagen and since the first few bicycles were introduced on the street in 1890s - nearly every Copenhagener owns a cycle today.
 
1912 - M/S Selandia
The world's first ocean-going diesel-powered ship ever built was M/S Selandia that started her maiden voyage in 1912 - from Copenhagen to Bangkok with two B&W four-stroke diesel engines. Burmeister & Wain (B&W) was a large established Danish shipyard and leading diesel engine producer with headquartered in Copenhagen. M/S Selandia was owned by (ØK) - The East Asiatic Company (EAC) - founded by Hans Niels Andersen in Copenhagen in 1897.

In 2008 - Danmarks Nationalbank issues a new 20-krone coin with the M/S Selandia as its motif - which is the third coin in a series with ships as their common motif.
 
1912 - First female in Copenhagen with driving license
The first female in Copenhagen to get a driving licence was Minna Darlov in 1912. She was married to Valdemar Darlov - who established the first driving school in Copenhagen in 1909 - which also was the first in Denmark. But woman were allowed to drive cars in Copenhagen earlier - approx. when the first motor vehicle was presented in Copenhagen in 1896.
 
M/S Selandia
1912 - The world's first ocean-going diesel-powered ship M/S Selandia - started her maiden voyage from Copenhagen to Bangkok in 1912 - and was powered with two B&W (Burmeister & Wain) four-stroke diesel engines. M/S Selandia was owned by (ØK) - The East Asiatic Company (EAC).
The A.P. Møller-Maersk Group
1912 - Ship Owner Arnold Peter Møller better known as A.P. Møller established the Steamship Company of 1912 - with headquarters in Copenhagen. Today the A.P. Møller-Maersk Group is the world’s largest container ship operator, with over 130 offices worldwide and 120,000 employees.

 

The world's first
diesel powered
ship - M/S Selandia
was Danish
and started her
maiden voyage
from Copenhagen
to Bangkok in 1912


The world's
largest
Shipping Company
was founded in
Copenhagen
in 1912

 
1912 - A.P. Møller
The legendary Ship Owner Arnold Peter Møller better known as A. P. Møller - established the Steamship Company of 1912 (Dampskibsselskabet af 1912 - Aktieselskab) - with headquarters in Copenhagen. The company stated in 3 rented offices located at the Old Stock Exchange “Børsen” and later moved in 1915 - to a more exclusive address at Kongens Nytorv 8. Today - the A. P. Møller-Maersk Group is an international conglomerate with more than 120,000 employees - and is the largest container ship operator with the biggest container ships in the world - serving customers from over 130 offices located worldwide. The Maersk Group’s activities are concentrated over 4 main business sectors: Container & transport - Shipping & offshore - Energy & Oil/gas production - Retail & industrial business - and has throughout the years had a significant influence on Denmark's export revenues as well as the economic and social development of the country.
 
A. P. Møller
1912 - A. P. Møller - legendary ship owner founded the world’s largest shipping company - involved in energy - logistics - retail and manufacturing.
Novo Nordisk
1925 - Insulin production at Novo in 1938 - at the Fasanvej processing plant and laboratory. Today the company works in 180 countries.
Kastrup Airport
1925 - Kastrup Airport was inaugurated as the centre for Scandinavian and international flights - and the main hub for many European airlines.
Christiansborg Palace
1928 - The third Christiansborg Palace was completed after 21 years of construction - and the Danish Parliament was also inaugurated.
 

1913 - The Little Mermaid
The statue of the Little Mermaid is unveiled at Langelinie in 1913. The statue was commissioned in 1909 - by Carl Jacobsen - founder of New Carlsberg Breweries. The statue was created by sculptor Edward Eriksen - who used his wife Eline Eriksen as the model. The Little Mermaid

1915 - Danish women right to vote
Danish women were granted the right to vote on June 5 - 1915. Female enfranchisement was part and parcel of a major overhaul of the Danish Constitution from 1849. To mark the occasion - more than 12,000 women marched in procession to the square in front of the Amalienborg Palace in Copenhagen - and handed a declaration to King Christian XI - where the word “thank” was not used - to emphasise that parliamentary enfranchisement was a civil right for everyone in Denmark - and not a charitable act necessitating gratitude.
1925 - Novo Nordisk
To brothers and engineers Harald Pedersen and Thorvald Pedersen started the production of insulin and named their new company Novo Terapeutisk Laboratorium (Novo) - which was based in central Copenhagen. At that time two firms in Denmark were competing to be the world's leading manufacturers of insulin - namely Nordisk Insulinlaboratorium (Nordisk) founded in Copenhagen 1923 - and Novo. In 1989 - Novo and Nordisk decided to join forces having competed with each other for more than 60 years and called the new company Novo Nordisk A/S. In 1999 - Novo Nordisk demerged into Healthcare and Enzymes - and in 2000 Novo Nordisk and Novozymes began operating as two separate companies. Today Novo Nordisk is a world leader in diabetes care and markets its products in 180 countries - with its headquarters in Copenhagen and 23,600 employees working in 80 countries. The Novo Group pumps billions of their export revenue into the Danish economy every year and contributes to keep the country as one of the worlds leading welfare states by financing a part of the social security systems, health services and educational programmes.
1925 - First radio broadcast in Copenhagen
The first radio programmes were broadcasted to the Copenhageners 3 hours daily by the officially and national (Danish Broadcasting Corporation) founded in 1925 - as a public-service organization under the name (Statsradiofonien) later called Danmarks Radio and today DR. In 1927 the broadcasting net was extended to also cover the entire Danish nation so every Danish citizen could receive and hear the radio programmes. There was almost 10,000 radio’s in 1927 to receive the national radio broadcast transmissions.
1925 - Kastrup Airport outside Copenhagen
Kastrup Airport outside of Copenhagen was inaugurated 1925 - as one of first private airports in the world with a grass runway. In 1932 - there were over 6,000 take-offs and landings. Today Copenhagen Airport serves about 55,000 passengers per day and more than 22 million passengers passed through the present airport facilities with almost 260,000 take-off and landing operations every year. Copenhagen Airport Kastrup is the largest airport is Scandinavia and functions as the main hub for many European and Nordic airlines.
 

1925 - Tango Jalousie
- Jacob Gade

Tango Jalousie was composed in Copenhagen by the Danish composer Jacob Gade (1879-1963) and performed for the first time at the Palads Cinema in Copenhagen on 14th September 1925 - as an accompaniment to a silent film.

Tango Jalousie is one of the best known music pieces in the world - and has the firm record to be played every minute of the day somewhere on this planet.
 
Jacob Gade composed in 1925 - Tango Jalousie in Copenhagen.
Mille Gade - swam over the English Channel - as the first Danish woman in 1926.
 
1926 - Mille Gade
As a curiosity – Jacob Gade’s sister - Mille Gade was the first Danish woman - who swam over the English Channel in 1926 (France to England) in 15-3/4 hours.


Tango Jalousie - is played every minute somewhere
around the world
The original manuscript of Tango Jalousie by Jacob Gade is the property of the Royal Library and safely kept here.
 
 
See video presenting Tango Jalousie
 
See Ballet Version of Tango Jalousie

 



 
1928 - Christiansborg Palace and the Danish Parliament
The third Christiansborg Palace in Copenhagen was inaugurated in 1928 - with a lot of festivities and with the presence of the Royal Family as well as member of the Legislature Assemble. The Palace is built in Neo-Baroque style with the highest tower in the city - which exceeded 106 meters. The present Christiansborg Palace is separated into two main wings. The one half of the Palace houses the Danish Parliament (Folketinget) and offices - and the other half
is reserved as residential premises for the Royal Family. Christiansborg Palace

1930 - First indoor public swimming pool and bath
Øbro-Hallen
in Copenhagen - also best known as Østerbro Svømmehal - “Østerbro indoor public swimming pool and bath” is the first built public indoor swimming pool in Copenhagen - inaugurated in 1930 - by King Christian X and Prime Minister Thorvald Stauning. The Østerbro Swimming Pool was renovated and modernised in 2002.
1933 - Formation of the Technical University of Denmark (DTU)
In 1933 Danish Technical College is formed after it’s foundation in 1829 - as the College of Advanced Technology (See year 1829). In 1994 - the technical university changed its name to the Technical University of Denmark (DTU). Today DTU is a leading technical university in northern Europe and benchmarks with the best universities in the world that provides education - research and innovation at a high international level. DTU offers a broad line of MSc and BSc Programs in all categories such as Doctoral degrees - Master’s degree - Bachelor’s degrees - Professional degrees etc. From 1962 to 1974 - DTU moved to its current premises in Lundtofte near Lyngby - north of Copenhagen - with a leading research environment and other high-technological profile areas.
 
1940 - Grundtvig's Church (Grundtvigskirken) was commended in 1921 - and completed in 1940. It is known as the largest public Evangelical Lutheran church in Scandinavia.
 
 
The impressive Grundtvig's Church - with its enormous tower that is around 50 metre high and one of the largest architectural work of modern time's in Scandinavia.
 
The church has cathedral proportions with an inside length of 76 metre - and is a real architectural pearl for visitors with a heavenly nave - simple interior - and plain altar pies.
A National Monument on Bispebjerg Hill

The architectural concept is a divided combination between a cathedral and old Danish country churches.

Three generations of architects from the same family have been involved in building and furnishing Grundtvigskirken. The main architect P. V. Jensen Klint - who died in 1930 - was succeeded by his son Kaare Klint and later his grandson Esben Klint.

The church is a national monument over the hymn-writer N. F. S. Grundtvig (1783-1872) - who also was a Danish pioneer of folk high schools - philosopher and social reformer.

It took almost 20 years to finish this huge building project at Bispebjerg in the northern part of the city - which is worth a visit.

It will only take 20 min. by bus no. 6A - 66 or 69 from the Town Hall Square to Grundtvig's Church at Bispebjerg.

N.F.S. Grundtvig

Grundtvigs Church

 
 
1940-1945 - World War II
 



During the
Nazi Occupation
of Denmark from
1940 to 1945 -
the country was
set on standby
for five long
destructive years


Many young and brave British and American soldiers lost
their precious lives
to liberate Europe
and Denmark


Thanks to the Greatest Generation ever!
Denmark occupied by Nazi troops 1940
The hideous Nazi occupation of Denmark began on 9 April 1940 - and lasted until Nazi forces withdrew at the end of World War II - following their pathetic surrender to the Allies on 7 May 1945. The Nazi troops left Denmark disgraceful on foot after liberation day.
Denmark liberated by English troops 1945
On Denmark’s liberation day 5 May 1945 - all along the roads - everywhere in Denmark - the Danes were cheering - waving - smiling and saluting the English troops that liberated the country - and the first glorious weeks of liberation were celebrated with patriotic loyalty and exuberance.
 
1940-1945 - Denmark Occupied
World War II - Copenhagen was occupied by Nazi troops along with the rest of the country from 9 April - 1940 until 4 May 1945. The development of Copenhagen was set on standby for five long destructive years.

Frihedsmuseet (The Museum of Danish Resistance)

Ryvang Memorial Park (Established in 1945 - after the Nazi occupation)
 
The Danish Resistance - and the brave British and American soldiers
In great honour and remembrance to the courageous Danish Resistance - plus the many young and brave British and American soldiers - who gave their precious lives to liberate Denmark - and the rest of Europe from its Nazi occupiers - as well as those heroic women and men who fought courageously and survived - and then left Europe again - when peace finally was established around the European Continent. The editor has selected a video with Vera Lynn performing - "We'll Meet Again" - as a never ending Thanks to the Greatest Generation ever - including my beloved Mum and Dad.

In deep respect and great admiration!


George B. Moller
Editor-in-chief & founder

Video - "We'll Meet Again"

 
 
1946 - Scandinavian Airlines System - SAS
Scandinavian Airlines System
- SAS is founded in 1946 - between three Scandinavian countries - Sweden - Norway and Denmark by merging their national carriers into one multi-national Scandinavian Carrier to handle intercontinental traffic to Scandinavia. AB Aerotransport (Sweden) - Det Norske Luftfartselskap AS (Norway) and Det Danske Luftfartselskab A/S (Denmark).
1951 - First Television transmission in Copenhagen
The first television transmission began 2 October 1951 to the Copenhagen region - and transmitted programs for a few hours daily in B/W by (Danish Broadcasting Corporation) later named DR. Gradually new TV masts were placed around the Danish continent - and in the middle of 1950s - nearly everyone in Denmark could receive the TV signals. In 1956 - there were almost 16,000 TV sets in Denmark - and at the end of the year there were more than 65,000 TV’s in Danish homes. The first color television transmission was sent in 1967 - also by DR.
1955 - First "Skyscrapers" in Copenhagen
Copenhagen’s and Denmark’s first skyscrapers were built at “Bellahøj” ranging between 14-16 floors. The highest residential building in Copenhagen is “Domus Vista” with its 30 floors and 102 metres.
 
The first "Skyscrapers"
1955 - The first "skyscrapers" in Denmark was built at "Bellahøj" North West of Copenhagen. The total building complex consists of 1,300 flats.
The first Danish Freeway
1956 - The first Danish Freeway “Hørsholmvejen” was inaugurated in 1956 - and went up through the northern Copenhagen area.



The increasing
welfare and
economic prosperity
began the
development of a
health insurance policy and
better housing
facilities
in the 1950's
for the improved
living conditions
of working-class
families
1956 - First Danish Freeway in Greater Copenhagen
The first Danish Freeway “Hørsholmvejen” opened in the Greater Copenhagen Area from “Jærgersborg” to “Brådebæk” north of Copenhagen.
1957 - The Museum of Danish Resistance 1940-1945 - Inaugurated
The museum tells the story of Danish resistance during Nazi occupation 1940-1945. Free Entrance!
The Resistance Museum
1962 - The worlds longest Pedestrian Street in Copenhagen - "Strøget"
The worlds longest Pedestrian Shopping Street called "Strøget" in central Copenhagen is inaugurated in 1962. The Pedestrian Street has a network of shopping streets that cover over 3-4 km of streets - and is a great tourist attraction since it was established in 1962.
“Strøget”
1967 - Copenhagen - 800 years jubilee
Copenhagen celebrated its 800 year jubilee with the world’s longest coffee table that exceeded almost 1,300 meter and reached from to the Town Hall Square. Over 80,000 cups of coffee with tons of Danish pastry was served that day. “Kongens Nytorv”
1972 - The last Tramcar in Copenhagen
The last Tramcar no. 5 to run in Copenhagen in 1972. The tramway services were taken over by busses. The 100 tramcars called “Düsseldorf” were sold to the city of Alexandria in Egypt - where all the tramcars still are in activ service.
 




Copenhagen
is full of
life and joy
that offers
exciting events
festivals and shows
plus many
cultural arrangements
and sports activities

Copenhagen Jazz Festival
1979 - Since its first edition in 1979 - the Copenhagen Jazz festival has grown to be one of Scandinavia's most attractive venues for international Jazz bands and musicians. The jazz house “La Fontaine” is one of the venues where jam sessions continue over several days.
Copenhagen Carnival
1982 - Ever since 1982 - Copenhagen and other cities in Denmark has been gifted with a Carnival that features thousands of colourful dancers from all parts of the world. The city Carnivals is a very popular show during the Whitsun Holidays and over 150,000 spectators follow these vibrant events.
 
1979 - Copenhagen Jazz Festival
The first Jazz Festival in Copenhagen was arranged in 1979 -and was a great success even though only a handful of Jazz bands performed at this new Copenhagen event. Since 1979 the event has grown to be one of Scandinavia's most attractive playgrounds for all type of international Jazz musicians and bands. Today - tourists from all over the world and Copenhageners can witness and enjoy more than 800-1000 free concerts and event around the city that starts every first Friday in July.

See video from the Jazz Festival

2000 - The Oresund Bridge
Official inauguration of the combined tunnel and bridge to Sweden called The Oresund Bridge (Øresundsbroen) with presence of the Danish Queen Margrethe II - and her Swedish counterpart King Carl XVI Gustaf. The total length of the connection across the Oresund strait is almost 15,5 km.
 
The Great Oresund Bridge
2000 - The great Oresund Bridge (Øresundsbroen). The combined tunnel and bridge to Sweden was inaugurated in 2000.
The National Opera House
2004 - The National Opera House called "Operaen" is situated at the waterfront on the island of Holmen and inaugurated in 2004.


Denmark and
Copenhagen was connected with
Sweden and
Scandinavia in 2000


And Scandinavia
was linked to
the rest of
the European
Continent for
the first time

 
2002 - The Metro in Copenhagen
The first Metro line in and around Copenhagen opened in 2002 - and the speedy rail networks system is best known as The Metro. The metro system will expand with new lines and the entire network is scheduled to finish in 2018.
2004 - The Opera in Copenhagen
The New Opera House called - Operaen - at Copenhagen’s waterfront was inaugurated in 2004. The Opera House was donated to the Danish state by the A.P. Møller and Chastine Mc-Kinney Møller Foundation in August 2000. The New Opera House
 
2008 - Copenhagen no. 1 in the world
Copenhagen is ranked as the best city in the world that offers its residents - THE HIGHEST QUALITY OF LIFE - by the British Magazine Monocle and furthermore the Monocle announces that Copenhagen is also the BEST DESIGN CITY in the world amongst the world’s top 25 cities for quality life. The editor of Copenhagen - Portal assures that every Copenhagener is surprisingly proud of the title and status their city has obtained by a prominent overseas Magazine.
 



Copenhagen has
turned into
Scandinavia’s
largest Capital
and a modern
vibrant city
with plentiful
of various
Arts & Entertainment
plus an effective
public transport
system.
The Metro Line
The first Metro line in and around Copenhagen opened in 2002 - and offers a network of lines through the city and its vicinity.
Royal Danish PlayHouse
Copenhagen’s new Playhouse is beautifully situated by the waterfront and inaugurated in 2008. It is an architectural pearl and a new landmark.
2008 - The Royal Danish Playhouse in Copenhagen
Copenhagen’s new Playhouse is beautifully situated by the waterfront and inaugurated in 2008. The building is considered as the new national stage for the dramatic arts in Denmark. The Royal Danish Playhouse
2010 - Copenhagen awarded as Most Liveable City
The British Magazine Monocle awarded the Danish capital to be the second best in the world as the "Most Liveable City".
2011 - New National Monument of remembrance
A new national monument of remembrance for the many brave Danish soldiers - who lost their young and precious lives in international peace keeping missions abroad was inaugurated on September 5th - 2011 - at the old Citadel from 1626.

The Citadel
2011 - Denmark's first female prime minister
For the first time in Danish history a woman - Social Democrat leader Helle Thorning-Schmidt - will take over the prime minister’s office in Copenhagen after the September 2011 election.
2013 - The Blue Planet in Copenhagen
The new National Aquarium in Denmark - called The Blue Planet was inaugurated in March 2013 - and is formed as a whirlpool with 5 separate sections including a Ocean Tank for sharks and rays. The Sea world is the largest aquarium in north Europe.

The Blue Planet

Copenhagen today
During the 20th century until today - Copenhagen has grown into a thriving modern city and is the Capital of Denmark with more than 1,8 million inhabitants living in and around the greater Copenhagen area.
 
The Copenhageners just love their easy-going lifestyle and high taxes that pays for their well-being.

Being the largest city in Scandinavia - Copenhagen is considered as a centre of culture and arts with plenty of sightseeing and entertainment activities to offer visitors - together with multitude of shopping facilities and the longest pedestrian street system in the world.


But Copenhagen has also become an international city - with a rich commercial and educational environment - since Bishop Absalon planned to build his citadel to protect the city in the year 1167. Copenhagen-Onsite

 

Great Danes and Copenhageners
 
Bertel Thorvaldsen
Bertel Thorvaldsen (1770 - 1844)
Danish sculptor born in Copenhagen and created almost 550 sculptures - reliefs and portrait busts during his lifetime. Some of his most famous works are the statues of Christ and the twelve Apostles at Copenhagen Cathedral - the Lion Monument in Lucerne - Pope Pius VII's monument in St. Peter's Basilica - Jason & the Golden Fleece - The Three Graces etc.

Thorvaldsens Museum
 
N.S.F. Grundtvig
N. F. S. Grundtvig (1783 - 1872)
The Danish priest and philosopher N.F.S. Grundtvig is a person of great magnitude and influence in newer Danish history, who reformed Christianity within the Danish Lutheran Church and developed The Folk High School movement. N.F.S. Grundtvig was a pastor at The Church of Our Saviour for four years 1822-1826 - located at Christianshavn.

More Grundtvig
- Grundtvig's Church
 
H.C. Andersen
Hans Christian Andersen (1805 - 1875)
World famous fairy tale writer first arrived to Copenhagen in 1819 - and lived most of is life at various addresses in Nyhavn. H.C. Andersen wrote numerous fairy tales and the most famous are The Little Mermaid - The Emperor's New Clothes - The Ugly Duckling - The Princess and the Pea - Thumbelina and The Snow Queen etc.
See video - The Emperor's New Clothes
 
Søren Kierkegaard
Søren Aabye Kierkegaard (1813 - 1855)
Religious philosopher and founding father of the Existentialist Movement was born in Copenhagen 1813. He was a profound and prolific writer in the Danish "golden age". He matriculated to the University of Copenhagen in 1830 - and passed his theological examination 1840. His central problematic was how to become a Christian in Christendom.

Read more..
 
Jacob Gade
Jacob Gade (1879 - 1963)
The composer of Tango Jalousie, which is played every minute somewhere around the world. He is Born in the Danish town Vejle in 1879 - and arrived to Copenhagen in 1888, where he lived and worked most of his life. In 1925 - he composed the world famous music piece - Tango Jalousie (Jealousy) - as an accompaniment to a silent film.
See video presenting Tango Jalousie
 
Karen Blixen
Karen Blixen (1885 - 1962)
Legendary author and Baroness Karen Blixen with her pen name Isak Dinesen was born north of Copenhagen at Rungstedlund in 1885. For some years she and her husband established and ran a coffee plantation in Kenya. After returning to Denmark she seriously started to write - and her first book "Seven Gothic Tales" was publish in the US in 1934 - and probably she is best known in English for the book and film "Out of Africa".
Video - Karen Blixen
 
Niels Bohr
Niels Bohr (1885 - 1962)
Nobel Prize Winner in physics 1922 - was born in Copenhagen in 1885 and is best known for the investigations of atomic structure and for work on radiation theory. Niels Bohr distinguished himself at the University of Copenhagen winning a gold medal from the Royal Danish Academy of Sciences. In 1911 - he received his doctorate.
See video presentation from 1927
 
Victor Borge
Victor Borge (1909 - 2000)
Victor Borge is born in Copenhagen 1909 - and became one of Denmark's most popular artists. In 1940 - he travelled to the United States with his American-born wife and was invited to appear on the Bing Crosby radio show 1941. Since he became a US citizen and one of the highest paid entertainers in the US, and kept up a busy career into his 80s.
See video with Victor Borge
 
Larsen & Toubro
The present logo
Larsen & Toubro - Founders of L&T - Larsen & Toubro - India in 1938
Two Great Danes and visionary Civil Engineers Henning Holck-Larsen (4.7.1907 - 27.7.2003) born in Copenhagen and died I Mumbai - India and Søren Kristian Toubro (27.02.1906 - 4.3.1982) born and died in Copenhagen - brought “Know-How” to India and founded the Indian Engineering and Construction conglomerate Larsen & Toubro Limited in 1938. Today the Larsen & Toubro group is a multi-industry company in India with a global presence in over 30 countries and more than 35,000 employees generating a revenue of $10 billion USD in 2012. The two Danish pioneers and creative entrepreneurs - Larsen and Toubro created thousands of jobs and development that have reflected on millions of citizens in India. This business success from 1938 - is the story of globalization in full scale - and true effective and economic development to undeveloped countries in the Third World.

In Remembrance and honour
India owes grateful thoughts and honourable remembrances to these two Great Danes for creating prosperity and thousands and thousands of precious jobs and workplaces that benefited the entire nation of India.
 


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