Roskilde Cathedral - Royal Burial Plot

*A Part of the Danish Cultural Heritage*
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Roskilde Cathedral - Royal Burial Plot
Royal Burial Plot since 1536
Sightseeing beyond Copenhagen
A 5-Star Tourist Site
Roskilde Cathedral - Royal Burial Plot
The sepulchral monument and portentous sarcophagus of King Frederik V (1723-1766 - ruled Denmark and Norway 1746-1766) - placed in King Frederik Vs Chapel. The two woman statues on each side of the sarcophagus represents Denmark on the left and Norway on the right - and the King is portrayed as a Roman Emperor on the high grey tombstone column. King Frederik V was the founder of noble “Frederiksstad” area in Copenhagen and the four Amalienborg Palaces where the equestrian statue of the King is positioned in the octagonal centre of the Royal Palaces.
Roskilde Cathedral - Burial place for Danish Royalties
Roskilde Cathedral was built during the 12th and 13th centuries and incorporates both Gothic and Romanesque architectural design. The Cathedral was Scandinavia's first Gothic Cathedral to be built of red bricks - which encouraged the spread of this style throughout most of Europe.
Timeline of the Danish Kings & Queens more than 1000 Years: Royal Sites
Roskilde Cathedral in 1750
Roskilde Cathedral in 1750 - seen from north with the old Latin School on the right. The square in front is the market square - where peasants sold there crop and goods. The citizens were use to Royal Burials and processions - as the Cathedral was the final resting place for Danish Kings and Queens since 1536.
Bishop Absalon
Portrait of Bishop Absalon - the founder and Bishop of Roskilde Cathedral - hanging on the wall of the Cathedral and surrounded by the original red bricks from 1170 to 1200. Bishop Absalon was also the creator of Copenhagen around 1167 - and Bishop of the Swedish city Lund.
Roskilde Cathedral & The Royal Tombs
Historic Roskilde Cathedral & The Royal Tombs - A UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Roskilde Cathedral - Ancient history
Several wooden churches has been built by a number of Danish Kings on the spot where the present cathedral is placed. The first wooden church was built by King Harald Bluetooth (The King that made all Danes Christian in 965 A.C.) - and who is also buried in the present Roskilde Cathedral. The cornerstones of this splendid twin-spired cathedral was laid by Bishop Absalon -who was the founder of Copenhagen - started the building of the present Cathedral in red bricks around 1170. Since then - various porches and chapels have been added to the main building of this holy edifice with different architectural designs representing the best of Danish architecture for more than 800 years and demonstrating the European religious architecture too. Three million fired clay bricks were used to construct Roskilde Cathedral.

Roskilde Cathedral is placed high on a rise and is a historical landmark that can been seen miles away - and nearly every Danes has used the Cathedral as a Milestone with its two cobber plated towers and tall spires. In 1995 - the cathedral was included in UNESCO's list of the world's inalienable cultural treasures.
World Heritage Site
In 1995 Roskilde Cathedral was included in UNESCO's list of the world's inalienable cultural treasures and select by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site.
A UNESCO historical landmark
Roskilde Cathedral is placed high on a rise and is a historical landmark that can been seen miles away - and nearly every Danes has used the Cathedral as a Milestone with its two cobber plated towers and tall spires. In 1995 - the cathedral was included in UNESCO's list of the world's inalienable cultural treasures.
Roskilde Cathedral & The Royal Palace
Roskilde Cathedral is situated in the medieval part of the city and is probably one of the first major buildings on the spot. The yellow buildings around the Cathedral is the former Royal Palace from 1733-76 - and called Roskilde Palace. The Palace was used as a stop-over by royal families during Royal Burials.
Royal Burial Plot since 1536
Since the 1536 - and after the protestant reformation - Roskilde Cathedral has been the mausoleum and burial place for 39 Danish Kings and Queens. The various ornate sarcophaguses – one more remarkable than the other – are placed in various burial chapels - within and outside the cathedral. Various Chapel sections have been added during centuries to the main building - which has been extended over many generations.
The final resting place
The burial procession of King Frederik VI (1768-1839 - King of Denmark and Norway 1808-1839) in a cold January day in 1840. His coffin was carried by peasants on their shoulders to the final resting place at Roskilde Cathedral. King Frederik VI - eliminated the abolition of serfdom in 1788.
The funeral procession
The streets of Roskilde in 1906 - where the citizens attended the funeral procession of King Christian IX to Roskilde Cathedral. The King was known as "The father-in-law of Europe" as his children married into other royal houses - and most current European monarchs are descended of him.

The Royal Tombs
The Royal Tombs are spectacular monuments and architectural gems from the time of their period and the portentous sepulchral chapels with the decorated sarcophaguses and Royal coffins have each there own special character and quality - which was created by leading Danish and European architects and the eminent examples of their building ability and architectural skill plus Danish craftsmanship. The Royal Burial plot at Roskilde Cathedral is the only type of sight in the world - where so many Royalties are buried in one place. The Royal Chapels have both monarchs from the Oldenborg and Glücksborg line of Royalties.

The Royal Sarcophaguses

The sarcophagus of Denmark's first Queen Margrethe I (1353 – 1412) - at Roskilde Cathedral - placed behind the High Altar. She was also Queen of Norway and Sweden - and the founder of the Kalmar Union (1397-1523) that united all of the Scandinavian countries for centuries.

Spectacular Royal Monuments
The pompous burial monument of King Frederik II (King of Denmark and Norway 1559-88) is places in the chapel of the "Holy Three Kings" and beside his father King Christian III burial mausoleum. The monument is created by Dutch sculptor Geert van Egen from 1594-98.
King Christian IV's Chapel
The chapel of King Christian IV was completed 6 years before King Christian IV died in 1648. On the wall is a great painting of the King during the battle of Kolberger Heide in 1644 - between the Danish and Swedish fleet - where he lost his right eye. His bloody clothes from the battle is exhibited at Rosenborg Castle. King Christian IV (1577-1648 - ruled Denmark and Norway 1588-1648) - is best known as the great builder of Copenhagen. The King died at his beloved Rosenborg Castle in 1648 - and he is buried in a very modest sarcophagus with his rapier sword lying on top of the royal coffin.
The last Danish Monarch to be crowned
The sarcophaguses of King Christian VIII and his Queen Caroline Amalie. King Christian VIII (1786-1848 - King 1839-1848 of Denmark and King of Norway until 1814) was the eldest son of Hereditary Prince Frederick of Denmark and Norway and Sophia Frederica of Mecklenburg-Schwerin. The King was the philosopher and reformer of the Danish constitution that was carried out by his son King Frederik VII in 1849. King Christian VIII - was the last Danish Monarch to be anointed and crowned as King in 1839 - at Frederiksborg Castle - as the coronation ceremony was abolished after his throne succession.
Altar Piece and Interior
The outstanding three-sided altar piece from 1560 - was create in Antwerp and is one of the cathedral’s precious artefacts and major attraction. The pulpit was donated by King Christian IV in 1610. The medieval interior such as the great carved doors – paintings and frescoes are ancient relics that are well preserved and a part of the Danish Cultural Heritage as well as the well-preserved historic Raphaëlis organ dated back to the 15th century.
The three-sided Altarpiece
The three-sided altarpiece in Roskilde Cathedral is made in Antwerp around 1560 and is build as a cabinet describing the life of Christ. The pulpit was donated by King Christian IV in 1610.
The Organ from 1554
The organ is from 1554 - and constructed be the famous Dutch organ builder Herman Raphaëlis Rottensten-Pock and the decorations on the front is in classical baroque style.
Please note that Roskilde Cathedral is a parish church and therefore used for church services and other religious ceremonies. When these are in progress the Cathedral will be closed for visitors - unless they want to attend the Christian services and other religious ceremonies.
King Christian IV - on the battleship “Trefoldigheden”.
The Top Image - King Christian IV
The upper top image on this site - is a huge painting of King Christian IV - in a richly decorated frame - portraying the King on the battleship “Trefoldigheden” during the battle of Colberger Heide (Kolberger Heide) in July 1644 - between the Danish and Swedish fleet - where he lost his right eye. King Christian IV died in 1648 - and has his final resting place in Roskilde Cathedral in the chapel of King Christian IV - where the painting is mounted and displayed. The huge wall painting of King Christian IV in his Chapel was created by painter and illustrator Wilhelm Marstrand and was painted in Roskilde Cathedral in 1864.
King Christian IV’s bloody clothing from the naval battle of Colberger Heide in 1644 - is displayed at Rosenborg Castle in Copenhagen.

See: Rosenborg Castle

Roskilde City
The "Stænder" market square at Roskilde with the Cathedral at the back.
Roskilde City
Roskilde is situated in the middle of Sealand right at the bottom of Roskilde Fjord and 30 Km from Copenhagen. The old medieval town has more than 50,000 inhabitants with its popular market and ancient buildings that creates a charming atmosphere in perfect harmony with its modern architecture. Roskilde is the 6th biggest city in Denmark. In 1846 - the first railway connection was opened between Roskilde and Copenhagen and Roskilde is proud of having the oldest Station building in Denmark. The main tourist attractions are the majestic Cathedral and the Viking Ship Museum that draws many tourists to one of the oldest cities in Denmark - more than 1000 years old.
 Roskilde was once the capital of Denmark and the cultural centre before Copenhagen became the capital in 1443 - and a Royal city.See:

Tour appetizer and inspiration
This presentation of Roskilde Cathedral - is just an appetizer and a source of inspiration for touring to a genuine Danish Cultural Heritage. Roskilde Cathedral is one of the leading attractions and historical venues in Denmark.
*The Viking Ship Museum - Roskilde
Five Prehistoric Ships
Five prehistoric ships from the Viking period around 1030-50 A.C. is exhibited at the Viking Ship Museum - that is beautifully located on the seashores of Roskilde Fjord.
Tours in Viking Ships
There are daily tours for visitors in reconstructed Viking Vessels - who can enjoy the scenic Roskilde Fjord plus test their skills as Vikings at sea.
Viking Ship Building
Visitors can follow the creation of new Viking Ships at the ship building venue of the Viking Ship Museum - which is a fascinating experience.
The Viking Ship Museum
Danish Viking Culture & Viking Heritage

The Viking Ship Museum is located attractively on the seashores of pictureque Roskilde Fjord - where visitor will be taken back to over thousand years of Danish Viking history and splendid ship-building traditions of the Viking Age - as well as the display of five prehistoric ships from the Viking period around 1030-50 A.C. - which was found in 1960
- nearby the Viking Ship Museum venue - and purposely sunk down by the Vikings at the bottom of Roskilde fjord - as a shield against sea-based foreign intruders and plundering enemies.

Visitors will experience the activities around the always busy ship building area - were new replicas are built of ancient Viking Ships - and guest can take a trip in one of these Vikings Boats on Roskilde Fjord. The ship collection includes around 40 small and big Viking Vessels - all built at the primitive shipyard of the Viking Ship Museum and located at the museum’s harbour. The Danes have proud sailing traditions as merchants since the Viking era - where the Vikings were great explorers and voyagers.

The Viking Ship Museum at Roskilde Fjord - will tell a fascinating and exciting story about the Danish Vikings and their well organised lifestyle and thriving settlements during the Viking era in Denmark - that is supported with numerous historical artefacts and archaeological gems plus the main focus on the primeval Viking Ships and the reconstructed Viking Vessels that will give the spectators the full insight in the rich Danish Viking Culture and the Vikings legacy - as being great shipbuilders that turned them into genuine Masters and Explorers of the Sea. The Danes are enormously proud of being the descendants of these courageous Viking warriors and enterprising merchants - that also is a vital part of the Danes Viking Heritage - and Denmark - which is best known as Viking Country.

Learn more about the Danish Vikings at the Viking Ship Museum
- Learn more about how the Danish Vikings were skilful and innovative shipbuilders - plus famous seafarers and navigators - building their magnificent long ships - which they embarked on voyages of exploration far and wide - from Denmark to overseas destinations - as to North America.

- Learn more about how the Danish Viking ruled the waves and the coasts of Europe - plus various other parts of the world from the eighth to the eleventh century.

- Learn more about how the Danish Vikings sunk the five exhibited Viking vessels to barricade the entrance to Roskilde Fjord.

See: Museums

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