present Botanical Garden was established in 1872 - on the
old ramparts of Copenhagen.
Botanical Gardens in Copenhagen The
University of Copenhagen’s first Botanical Garden
was founded in the central part of the old city in
around 1600 - and the second near
Frederiks Hospital in 1752 - by the
initiative of King Frederik V (1723-1766
- ruled Denmark and Norway 1746-1766).The third Botanical
Garden was placed in 1778 at Nyhavn
near Amalienborg Palace and the present Botanical
Garden - the fourth in the succession of university
gardens - was established in 1872 -
on the former fortifications area of the city. The
rock gardens and other higher areas are part of the
old ramparts - while the lake is
a remnant of the former city moat.
third Botanical Garden - 1778
third Botanical Garden was established in 1778
- beside the Charlottenborg estate right up to
the canals of Nyhavn and near Kongens Nytorv (Kings
Square). The picture is from 1840.
present Botanical Garden
inaugurated - 1874
present Botanical Garden in 1875 - with the Palm
House in the back. The garden was placed in beside
the new municipal hospital of Copenhagen - and
opened to the public on October 1874.
Institute with living plant
The Botanical Garden is an Institute within the University
of Copenhagen and has quietly developed and
integrated into the capital of over 1.5 million people
- with an enjoyable mix of landscaped lawns
- formal gardens - lovely lakes
and greenhouses. The institute cultivates
a large collection of living plants for research - education
and general information - with the aim of increasing
the botanical knowledge and awareness of nature on a
national as well as on a global scale. The Botanical
Garden displays Denmark's largest collection
of living plants and houses the only gene bank
for wild species. A very interesting attraction in the
Botanical Garden is also the more than 400 years
old cactus called Golden Barrel Cactus.
new Palm House - 1874
new Palm House in 1874 - with the large glass
surfaces that covered more than 2,500 m²
including the four attached greenhouses. The Crystal
Palace greenhouse in London was used as a source
of inspiration for the Palm House construction.
- and discus thrower
flowered bridge over the lake in 1917 - with the
statue of the discus thrower in the back. The
lake was the remaining of the original moat that
once surrounded the ramparts of Copenhagen and
today a fresh water habitat for a rich birdlife.
Around the 10 hectares of the Botanical
Garden there are many interesting features and collections
of various and seldom species. The 19th century Palm
House has a lot of tropical and subtropical
plants - orchids - cacti and other
succulents - and a historical collection
of Cycads. Other greenhouses display
collections of orchids from Thailand and plants from
Madagascar as well as Bromeliads and insectivorous plants.
The brewer and owner of the Carlsberg brewery J.C.
Jacobsen was chairman of the committee that
established the Botanical Garden and had experience
the Crystal Palace greenhouse in London
- which gave him the inspiration to build a big modern
Palm House and four other green houses
with large glass surfaces that covered more than 2,500
m2. The Palm house was completed 1874
- with a tropical rainforest and tall tropical trees
as pineapple - mango and Cocoa.
and subtropical plants
Palm House - with its tropical and subtropical
plants situated beside the beautiful garden lake
and occupying a focal position in the park - which
is a central meeting place for ideas and relaxations.
range of exotic plants
the tropical Palm House are many wild species
and a historical collection of Cycads and a magnificent
range of exotic plants. The Palm House is an oasis
for flower lovers and gardening fans.
largest collection of annuals
In the outdoor section one can find arctic and alpine
plants - wild Danish plants - perennials - annuals
(probably the largest collection in the world)
and tuberous species such as Cyclamen - Crocus
annual plants in the Botanical Garden is probably
the largest collection in the world - and spread
all over the garden area - here is the Pelargonium
sort - which is a common plant found in more than
200 species and variations.
persicum growing wild and traditionally classified
in the family Primulaceae. Cyclamen is a genus
of 20 species of flowering plants that typically
grow in dry forest or scrub - where they are partly
shaded from intense sunlight.
and thousand of living specimens
In the Botanical Garden of Copenhagen there are 25
thousand living specimens represented and a
total of more than 13,000 species.
In comparison - the total flora of Europe numbers some
11,000 species - and the total world
flora of higher plants is estimated to be between 260
and 300 thousand species.
historic orchids from the 1800s
types of different orchids are grown in the greenhouses
- and are some of the garden’s most valuable
plants with a historic background - as some are
collected on Danish expeditions in the 1800s.
Here is the yellow orchid in full blossom.
statues all over the Botanical Garden
statues are placed alongside the many paths and
green pavements in the Botany Park - and is a
natural enchantment for visitors - here the statue
of the discus thrower - which is a copy of the
original by Myron from 430 B.C..
to the Botanical Garden
The major part of the Botanical Garden is open and approachable
for visitors - as well as almost all outdoor sections
- like the Palm house and the greenhouses
with orchids - bromeliads - succulents
etc. Nevertheless certain assortments and parts in the
garden are not open for guests as these specific sections
are reserved for researchers - teachers and students
in connection with their studies and ongoing educational
The Botanical Garden is beautifully located near Rosenborg
Castle - The National Gallery -Nørreport
Station and few minutes from the pedestrian street
"Strøget". Free entrance.
Botanical Garden - Copenhagen University
Oester Farimagsgade 2B
1353 Copenhagen K